Capsules: Medications has either a small sheath or gelatin shell that dissolves in the stomach.
Tablets: Hard, solid compressed medication that are shaped typically round or oval or square.
Enteric coated: These medications are coated with a substance that dissolves after it passes through the stomach. The typical use of enteric coated medications is to prevent stomach upset or injury. This type of medication should never be crushed.
Liquid Solution: These types of medications may need to be shaken and may have special instructions for storage such as refrigeration at a certain temperature. It’s important to check to make sure the units (teaspoon, tablespoon, ml, or cc) on the cup or syringe match the units of the dose prescribed by the physician.
Drops: This is small quantities of liquid medicine dispensed from a dropper. This is typically used for eyes or ears.
Ointment: Are semi-solid preparations rubbed over the skin to aid in healing, to relieve symptoms like itching and to soothe aches and pains. Ointments can be either prescription medications or over-the-counter products.